By Meredith Milstein & Samuel Burke, CNN
When a Palestinian farmer named Emad Burnat bought a home video camera to record the birth of his youngest son, he didn't realize he would end up capturing the birth of a movement.
Burnat became the unofficial cameraman for his village of Bil'in in the occupied West Bank, and documented five years of local resistance against the encroaching Israeli settlements and the separation wall snaking through his and his neighbors' lands.
The home movies have now been transformed into the Oscar-nominated documentary, "5 Broken Cameras." READ MORE: Six Israeli security chiefs stun the world
“I wanted to be part of the struggle of my people in the village,” Burnat told CNN’s Christiane Amanpour. “I felt, and the people felt, that the camera could protect them.”
Although it is very much a film from a Palestinian perspective, it was co-directed by Burnat's Israeli friend Guy Davidi, who is also a filmmaker.
Davidi knew they would both be criticized for working with each other.
“The minute we decided the film was going to be Emad as the main character,” Davidi said, “then, it was much more comfortable for me, as an Israeli, to work with Emad, because I'm helping him shape his voice and not interfering with my own voice.”
In the documentary, the Palestinian farmer captured moments when the on-going conflict crosses paths with crucial moments in his toddler’s life. Burnat was filming as some of his little boy’s first words were uttered: army, cartridge and the Arabic word for the security fence separating and Israel and the West Bank.
“Our kids grow up like this, in this situation. So they open their eyes and they are facing the soldiers around the houses, in the streets. And they talk about the army and the soldiers,” Burnat said.
In the video above you can see Christiane Amanpour’s interview with both Palestinian and Israeli filmmakers, as well as parts of the documentary including the moment Burnat had to decide to put the camera down or keep filming as he watched his own father in a dispute with Israeli soldiers.