By Christiane Amanpour, CNN & ABC
For the past 20 years, the world has been steadily working towards holding even the very highest officials accountable.
The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia was established in 1993. It was the first war crimes tribunal since the Nuremberg trials, which prosecuted Nazi leaders for genocide after World War II.
At the turn of this millennium, for the first time ever, a sitting head of state was indicted, imprisoned and tried: Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic, though he died before the trial ended. But generals and foot soldiers have been convicted. And in a landmark case, rape as a weapon of war has been determined to constitute a crime against humanity.
So from Liberia to Libya, the long arm of international justice has reached out to meet people's demands to hold their leaders and their warlord’s accountability for the most heinous of crimes. It is tough, slow going and sometimes critics even say that seeking justice can get in the way of sealing peace, but Judge Theodor Meron says that there is no alternative. He is the president of the International Criminal Tribunal and has spent decades laying down the law.
You can watch my interview with Meron in the video above.