by Henry Hullah
NATO satellites, journalists on the ground and Ukrainian officials have all reported Russian troops in Ukrainian territory, but how much longer can Russia claim it has no military presence in Eastern Ukraine?
"Russia will say that until it really has some forces on the ground. As at this point, definitely we don’t have any." answered Russian Member of Parliament Vyacheslav Nikonov.
He told Michael Holmes, sitting in for Christiane Amanpour, that the Russian government had not been providing weapons, such as T-72 tanks which the MP insisted came from Hungary, to separatists and also had nothing to do with the current state of Ukraine.
"It is a completely domestic Ukrainian mess and people living there, in the eastern part of Ukraine, are mostly Russian. So I think it’s very understandable why Russia emotionally is there. Though Russian troops are definitely not there."
With high stakes and emotional investment in the dire situation of those in the Eastern Ukraine, the program asked what is the Russian Endgame here, do they want, as some believe, a land bridge to Crimea?
"The end game for Russia is of course a peaceful Ukraine, and Russian national security."
"In case of the Crimea, it was an immediate reaction of the people of the Crimea for reunification with their mother country, with Russia. "
"Crimeans never had any Ukrainian identity whatsoever. The people in Donetsk and Luhansk have maybe a little bit stronger Ukrainian identity, but it would be very hard for Kiev to convince them that they should stay inside Ukraine."
It's a crisis that's become a norm to many in Pakistan, but for documentary maker Jamie Doran the sexual abuse of young boys was a tragedy hidden from vision.
As his new film, 'Pakistan's hidden shame', begins to make waves in country's like Japan and Australia, the Director told Christiane Amanpour what puts children at risk in Pakistan and around the world.
"Pedophiles by their very nature are inadequate, it's about power over children."
"Where these individuals are able to use and abuse vulnerable children, Pakistan in particular because of the poverty. That's one of the other factors that really plays here."
The film's release in Britain coincides with a horrifying report released from the Northern English town of Rotherham detailing the abuse, grooming and trafficking of 1,400 girls by Pakistani gangs.
"Culturally they're the same," Doran told the program. "In Pakistan you're having the abuse of young boys, largely because young girls aren't available, and in the UK that's different. If you really delve in to the reasons behind this you will find in such societies the role of women is so meager their power is almost non-existent and every survey in recent times has linked the lack of female power to pedophilia."
by Henry Hullah
The Free Syrian Army is on the verge of collapse.
Fighting on two fronts, it is not only battling the Assad regime but must also stop the march of the barbaric militant group ISIS across Syria.
For General Abd al-Ilah al-Bashir, the newly appointed leader of the FSA, continued American airstrikes could be key to aiding his army's fight against ISIS.
"The American airstrikes could help the revolutionaries to destroy this organization and make them step back," he told the program.
Christiane Amanpour asked the leader of the Free Syrian Army if he had been in contact with the American government as the threat of ISIS began to grow in Syria, were they made aware of just how big a threat this group could have grown to be?
"We met with the Americans a few times and we warned them of the danger of this organization and we showed our readiness to fight against them because it's dangerous, not only for the region, but the whole world," the General said.
"We are ready to defend the whole world. But we did not get much support or help to do that."
Earlier in the week, The U.K.'s Ambassador to the United Nations told the program that "ISIS is a monster that the Frankenstein of Assad has largely created". The General made clear that he also believed the government of Bashar al-Assad is to blame for this barbaric organisation.
"We are convinced that it is part of the Assad regime. And they have complete coordination with members of this regime and they lead and they coordinate with the Syrian regime."
by Henry Hullah
As the United Nations held an emergency meeting over reports of Russian troops in Ukrainian territory, Christiane Amanpour was joined by the top Ukrainian official in London, Andrii Kuzmenko, for analysis of what this could mean for his nation.
Amanpour asked what the diplomat was hoping for from the U.N meeting in New York.
"Since the sanctions that are already imposed against Russia we do have the terrible aggravation of the situation, it means that those sanctions are weak and insufficient. We are calling for a full stop of cooperation with the aggressor, for further tougher sanctions and further support of Ukraine."
"We are not at this stage asking for military assistance"
After what happened to Georgia in 2008, was he confident that Ukraine could defend itself against a potential Russian attack?
"This is a very new stage of conflict. We will halt the aggressor and I have no doubt we will defeat them but, for that reason we will need assistance from the West since we are fighting not just for territorial integrity of Ukraine."
"We are fighting against the war in Europe that could explode the continent."
'It is inappropriate to tolerate the use of force in the 21st century'
Kuzmenko was unrelenting in a powerful attack on the Russian government's behavior in this conflict. He told the program that he believed Putin's Russia was acting in a manner befitting the "19th century."
"We are witnessing another war crime," he told Amanpour. "Just due to the certain imperial ambitions."
Summing up Russia's actions, the diplomat said, "We should remember the war started with imperial ambitions and will end with shame for the nation."
A report on child abuse in the northern English town of Rotherham is rocking the UK.
It concluded that 1400 children some as young as 11 were abused, trafficked and groomed for more than 16 years.
The London Times' Chief Investigative Reporter, Andrew Norfolk, was pivotal in revealing the extent of abuse. He told Christiane Amanpour how this story started for him four years ago.
"I couldn't help noticing that there was something about the names of the offenders that always seemed to be a problem, which is that they were Muslim names."
"We eventually decided that although it was an incredibly sensitive subject, we needed to carry out some in-depth research to discover whether this generally was a pattern that was not being acknowledged by the authorities."
Norfolk made sure to point out that in the U.K. the majority of convicted sexual predators are white middle aged men who usually act alone. He was completely stunned by the numbers of girls that had been abused over the years by the groups he had been investigating.
"I have to admit to being unprepared for the staggering figure that was announced yesterday in terms of Rotherham, in terms of 1,400 children over a 16-year period. But what was happening in Rotherham is happening in every town and city in England that has a sizable Pakistani community."
"For four years, we have been asking for the research to be carried out to understand why that is the case. There have been some very high-profile criminal prosecutions in the past couple of years because since we've started writing about this, there's been a real change in the way authorities have been approaching it and tackling it, trying to protect the victims, trying to bring offenders to account."
"But until we actually understand why this crime has put down such deep roots in various communities, we're never going to actually prevent it from happening."
by Henry Hullah
In a world dominated by conflict, Human Rights are usually the first casualty.
It is the difficult mandate of United Nations Human Rights High Commissioner to try and protect them.
As the longest serving holder of this post, Navi Pillay is leaving just after scolding attacks on the entirety of the security council. She spoke to them in the past week, telling them that greater responsiveness towards the Syrian crisis could have saved hundreds of thousands of lives.
Many commentators believe that what the world has allowed to happen in Syria in turn let ISIS flourish. Chrsitiane Amanpour asked Navi Pillay about the monstrosities of the extremist group that Pillay's department has been documenting.
"This group is committing huge atrocities against men, women and children, large number - thousands of people killed and injured." Pillay told the program.
"What I want say is all actors, state and non-state actors, are accountable under international humanitarian law. But what I see here is neither side is taking measures to protect civilians."
A U.N. report released on the day of the interview has said that chemical weapon attacks by the Assad regime have been ongoing in Syria, even after United Nation's efforts to destroy them.
"Our recent report, which is being released today, shows levels of mass atrocities that are over six months period that have really deteriorated, increased to a large measure."
"Mostly chlorine gas," asked Amanpour.
"That is correct," she confirmed.
In the same region, Gaza has been left devastated by the Israel Defense Forces.
Pillay came out strongly against the actions of the IDF on the program, but went on to say that Hamas' actions are also unacceptable:
"Obviously the acts of the Israeli government and the Israeli Defense Forces have caused far more civilian deaths and injuries"
"On the other hand, the Hamas and other armed groups are placing civilians as shields. They are placing mortars and rockets within civilian densely populated areas. And those amount to violations of international humanitarian law as well, as disregard for civilians."
by Henry Hullah
It has been over five months since the worst outbreak of Ebola in history struck West Africa.
In Liberia, more than 570 people have died from disease.
But the nation's Information Minister Lewis Brown told the program that they are making progress tackling the spread of the virus.
"We believe now that we are better positioned than we've been in a couple of months to be able to get a handle on this and hopefully to eradicate it from our country."
Talking from Liberia's capital, Monrovia, he was hopeful but quite frank about the troubles his country faced when trying to halt the charge of infections.
"The truth of the matter is we're not just fighting a disease in isolation; we're fighting the disease with people we know. We're fighting cultural, long-held cultural practices and beliefs. And certainly we're not the most enlightened society in the world. And we're trying to bring every tool imaginable to bear in helping our communities help themselves."
"It is truly a difficult fight. We need all hands on deck. We need all those expertise to align behind this fight as best as we can."
by Henry Hullah
After the cataclysmic conflict between Israel and Gaza-based militants, some hope came today with an Egypt-brokered peace deal.
Christiane Amanpour asked the British Ambassador to the United Nations Mark Lyall Grant if he was hopeful.
"This is very good news, but we've seen truces before." he told her, "Just a ceasefire, if it gets back to the status quo, is not going to provide a long-term solution to the crisis."
"We need something that is: A) sustainable, and B) acts as a bridge to serious status negotiations between the Palestinian Authority and Israel."
"We have to move on from this cyclical crisis to something that is more sustainable."
By Henry Hullah
Afghanistan is in a state of paralysis.
On the day of this interview the new Afghan President was supposed to be inaugurated, instead the country remains in a political deadlock.
Is the nation going to be able to take significant steps forward any time soon?
The United States Ambassador to Afghanistan, James B. Cunningham, seems to think so.
"There's actually been quite a bit of progress," he told Christiane Amanpour.
"What they've agreed is that there will be a president; there will be what's called a chief executive officer, not a prime minister, because that position doesn't exist under the Afghan constitution. It may later, but it doesn't now."
"All the details of how to do that are what they're sorting out right now."
Amanpour asked about the probability of a candidate being inaugurated by the new designated date of September 2nd.
"I think it's possible," said the diplomat. "It's an important opportunity for a president to be declared and to get him on to the international stage at the NATO summit a few days later."
"We'll keep trying to help them reach that goal"
By Henry Hullah
A tense stand-off in Ukraine, the biggest Ebola outbreak in history, devastation in Gaza - and all the while, ISIS grows in strength in the heart of the Middle East and racial tensions come to a head in the United States.
A fractured world and United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is the man tasked with picking up the pieces.
"The world is confronting multiple crises at this time," Ban Ki-moon told Christiane Amanpour.
"The situation in Iraq, we have a very serious crisis in Ukraine but we still have very serious crises in Libya, South Sudan, Central African Republic. On top of this we are now being hit by Ebola epidemics."
Amanpour first asked him about the increasing threat of ISIS: an extremist militant group whose seized territory across Iraq and Syria has been said to be larger than the United Kingdom. Can the U.N. help those affected and to stop the threat before it spreads even further?
"The United Nations cannot do it alone in addressing international terrorism and extremists. The way they have been terrorizing the international community and its people by kidnapping the women, children and particularly journalists, this is totally unacceptable. These are against the international humanitarian law and against the international human rights law and we saw this horrendous killing of Mr. James Foley, that we have condemned in the strongest possible terms."
Amanpour asked if the horrors of ISIS that he had just described were due to an escalation of the Syrian crisis because, as he had told her in a previous interview, there was no "Plan B".
"That is why I have always been urging, the number one priority should be that that the parties stop the violence unconditionally and return to political dialogue."